​sanger ​ac ​uk The entire nucleotide sequence, Pbsp, and the pr

​sanger.​ac.​uk. The entire nucleotide sequence, Pbsp, and the predicted amino acid sequence, PbSP, have been submitted to the GenBank database under accession number AY319300. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) BLASTp algorithm http://​www.​ncbi.​nlm.​nih.​gov

was used to search in the non-redundant database for proteins with sequence similarities to the translated full-length PbSP cDNA. The ScanProsite algorithms http://​ca.​expasy.​org/​tools/​scanprosite/​ were used to search for motifs and conserved domains in the deduced find more protein. The presence of signal peptide was identified by using the SignalP program http://​www.​cbs.​dtu.​dk/​services/​SignalP/​, while the prediction of cellular localization was performed by using the PSORT II algorithm http://​psort.​ims.​u-tokyo.​ac.​jp/​form2.​html. this website The complete genomic sequence of Pbsp was obtained in the P. brasiliensis genomic database http://​www.​broad.​mit.​edu/​science/​projects/​msc/​data-release-summary and the promotor region was analyzed by using the Promotor scan algorithms http://​www-bimas.​cit.​nih.​gov/​cgi-bin/​molbio/​proscan. Cloning of PbSP cDNA into expression Selleckchem BLZ945 vector Oligonucleotide primers were designed to amplify the complete cDNA encoding the PbSP. The nucleotide sequence

of the sense and antisense primers were 5′-TCTGGATCCATGAAAGGCCTCTTCGC-3′ and 5′-ACACTCGAGTCCAGAGATGAAAGCGTT-3′, containing BamHI and XhoI restriction sites, respectively (underlined). The amplification parameters were as following: 94°C for 2 min, followed by 30 cycles of denaturation at 94°C for 20 s, annealing at 50°C for 20 s, and extension at 72°C for 2 min; final extension was at 72°C for 5 min. The PCR product was electrophoresed and a 1491 bp amplicon was gel excised and cloned into the pGEX-4T-3 expression vector (GE Healthcare). The recombinant plasmid was used to transform the E. coli strain C43(DE3) competent cells by using the heat shock method [29]. Ampicilin-resistant transformants were cultured, and plasmid SSR128129E DNA was analyzed by PCR and DNA sequencing, as described above. Heterologous expression of PbSP and antibody production The protein heterologous

expression was performed as described [30] with modifications. Cultures of transformed E. coli containing pGEX-4T-3 cloned with Pbsp were grown in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium supplemented with 100 μg/ml of ampicillin, at 37°C. As the cells reach the log phase (A600 0.6), IPTG (isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactopyranoside) was added to the growing culture to a final concentration of 0.5 mM to induce protein expression. After 2 h incubation, the bacterial cells were harvested by centrifugation at 5.000 g and ressuspended in phosphate saline buffer (PBS) 1×. E. coli cells transformed with pGEX-4T-3 and E. coli were used as controls. The cell extracts ressuspended in PBS 1× were electrophoresed on a 10% SDS-PAGE, followed by Coomassie brilliant blue staining.

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