27; 95% CI:1 9-5 6; P < 0 0001; relative to index of 0), and p

27; 95% CI:1.9-5.6; P < 0.0001; relative to index of 0), and prior cardiac events (OR, 7.87; 95% CI: 4.89-12.68; P < 0.0001; relative to no prior event) were associated with higher odds of 90-day cardiac complications. Due to a few thromboembolic events, only univariate analyses were performed. Univariately, female gender, age > 70 years, body mass index 25 to 29.9 kg/m(2), Deyo Charlson index of 1 or more, underlying diagnosis of trauma, prior thromboembolic event, and surgery type were each associated with significantly higher risk of 90-day thromboembolic event (P <= 0.03 for all).

Conclusions: Cardiac and thromboembolic complications

are uncommon after primary shoulder arthroplasty. Patients can be informed of their risk BLZ945 Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor of cardiac complications following shoulder arthroplasty based on the presence of risk factors. Published by Elsevier Inc. Semin Arthritis Rheum 41:689-697″
“Role functioning is an important part of health-related quality of life. However, assessment of role functioning is complicated by the wide definition of roles and by fluctuations in role participation across the life-span. The aim of this study is to explore variations in role functioning across the lifespan using qualitative

approaches, to inform the development of a role functioning item bank and to pilot test sample items from the bank.

Eight focus groups were conducted with a convenience sample of 38 English-speaking adults recruited in Rhode Island. Participants were stratified by gender and four age groups. see more Focus groups were taped, transcribed, and analyzed for thematic content.


of all ages identified family roles as the most important. There was age variation in the importance of social life roles, with younger and older adults rating them as more important.

Occupational roles were identified as important by younger and middle-aged participants. The potential of health problems to affect role participation was recognized. Participants found the sample items easy to understand, response options selleck screening library identical in meaning and preferred five response choices.

Participants identified key aspects of role functioning and provided insights on their perception of the impact of health on their role participation. These results will inform item bank generation.”
“Little is known about what triggers an episode of low back pain (LBP) in those presenting to primary care. Previous studies of risk factors have focused on specific occupational settings and work conditions. No study has asked primary care clinicians to consider what triggers an episode of sudden-onset LBP in patients presenting to them for care. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to describe the short- and long-term factors that primary care clinicians consider important in triggering a sudden episode of acute LBP.

One hundred and thirty-one primary care clinicians who were recruiting patients with LBP to a large observational study were invited to participate.

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