8 mm or greater) were considered Nonsolid, part-solid, and pleur

8 mm or greater) were considered. Nonsolid, part-solid, and pleural-based nodules were selleck excluded from this study. A descriptive analysis was performed by calculating means and standard deviations

of nodule volumes at three assessment times (at baseline and 3 and 12 months later). The volume measurement repeatability was determined by using the approach described by Bland and Altman.

Results: One hundred one subjects (70 men, 31 women; mean age, 58 years) with 233 eligible nodules (mean volume, 98.3 mm(3); range, 5-869 mm(3)) were identified. The 95% confidence interval for difference in measured volumes was in the range of +/- 27%. About 70% of measurements had a relative difference in nodule volume of less than 10%. No malignant lesions were registered during

the follow-up of these subjects.

Conclusion: Semiautomatic volumetry is sufficiently accurate and repeatable and may be useful in assisting with lung nodule management in a lung cancer screening program. (C) RSNA, 2009″
“Electroabsorption in highly strained GaInAs and GaInNAs quantum wells (QWs) grown on GaInAs or quasi-GaInAs substrates is investigated by using microscopic many-body selleck chemical theory. The effects of various parameters, such as strain, barrier height, substrate composition, and temperature are thoroughly examined. It is shown that the value of the absorption coefficient strongly depends on the depth of the QWs under large bias electric field due to the small overlap integral of wave functions

between the conduction and valence bands. The use of GaInNAs QWs makes the strain in the well layer very small. Further, the effective quantum-well depth is increased in GaInNAs QWs due to the anticrossing interaction between the conduction and N-resonant bands, making it possible to obtain larger absorption coefficient under large bias electric fields without using wide-band gap materials for barriers. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3360937]“
“Purpose: To determine long-term patient satisfaction for percutaneous treatment by using sclerosing agents Selleck Vactosertib (sclerotherapy) and/or arterial embolization for peripherally located vascular malformations (VMs). This treatment has been described as successful; however, there is a relative paucity of published long-term results.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was institutional review board approved; 107 patients treated for symptomatic VM were evaluated. After informed consent was obtained, 66 patients were sent a questionnaire regarding treatment effectiveness and patient satisfaction. Patient files and imaging data were retrieved to obtain information regarding the VMs and VM treatment. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were constructed to analyze clinical success rates over time.

Results: The most frequent reasons for patients to seek treatment were pain (89%, n = 59) and swelling (91%, n = 60). The majority of VMs were the low-flow venous type (83%, n = 55).

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