An optimal ratio between HBeAg and anti-HBe led to their concurre

An optimal ratio between HBeAg and anti-HBe led to their concurrent detection when sera were tested by sensitive assays.”
“The stress and magnetostriction induced by flux pinning for a flat superconducting strip of a type II superconductor are calculated analytically see more in the presence of transport current. The plane stress approach is used to find the exact solutions. By assuming that the current density is magnetic field independent, the body force and normal stress distributions for increasing and decreasing transport currents are given. In addition, the pinning induced magnetostriction is calculated. The results show that, during

the transport current reduction, tensile stress may occur. It is worth pointing out that, in the flat superconducting strip with transport current, the

stresses are mainly negative. The hysteresis loop of the magnetostriction cannot be observed for the full cycle of the transport current. VC 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3561366]“
“Background: 4EGI-1 inhibitor Kingella kingae is a gram-negative coccobacillus, increasingly recognized as an invasive pediatric pathogen. To date, only few small series of invasive K. kingae infections have been published, mostly from single medical centers. A nationwide multicenter study was performed to investigate the epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory features of children with culture-proven K. kingae infections.

Methods: Clinical microbiology laboratories serving all 22 medical centers in Israel were contacted in find more a search for children aged 0 to 18 years from whom K. kingae was isolated from a normally sterile site, dating from as far back as possible until December 31, 2007. Medical records of identified patients were reviewed using uniform case definitions.

Results: A total of 322 episodes of infection were identified in 321 children, of which 96% occurred before the age of 36 months. The annual incidence in children aged <4

years was 9.4 per 100,000. Infections showed a seasonal nadir between February and April. Skeletal system infections occurred in 169 (52.6%) children and included septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and tenosynovitis. Occult bacteremia occurred in 140 children (43.6%), endocarditis in 8 (2.5%), and pneumonia in 4 (1.2%). With the exception of endocarditis cases, patients usually appeared only mildly ill. About one-quarter of children had a body temperature <38 degrees C, 57.1% had a blood white blood cell count <15,000/mm(3), 22.0% had normal C-reactive protein values, and 31.8% had nonelevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

Conclusions: K. kingae infections usually occur in otherwise healthy children aged 6 to 36 months, mainly causing skeletal system infections and bacteremia, and occasionally endocarditis and pneumonia. Clinical presentation is usually mild, except for endocarditis, necessitating a high index of suspicion.

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