“In this paper, we use data gathered from the Sylt-Romo Bight Ecosystem in Germany to conduct an ecological network analysis. Specifically, we perform Network Environ Analysis to compare with results already published using EcoPath, which incorporates the ecological network analysis package NETWRK.\n\nWe focus on the issue of model aggregation in that the Sylt-Romo Bight
Ecosystem has data sets representing nine subsystems. We find that the network properties total system throughflow, cycling, indirect effects ratio, and path proliferation are not affected by aggregation whereas connectivity, homogenization, and synergism are affected. The most interesting result to emerge from this analysis is that careful attention is needed to the different use of total system throughflow and total system throughput Tariquidar (both of which are called TST in the literature).
As a result of this difference, the calculations for the Finn Cycling Index differ between the various ecological network analysis packages. Noting that Finn based his index on the total system throughflow approach, a consistent method should be adopted if the metrics are reported as FCI. Further work is needed to determine if a simple correction factor can be applied to the NETWRK and EcoPath values or if the coding algorithms should be changed to reflect the FCI approach. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“High pressure of helium-oxygen (He-O(2)) increases the extracellular click here levels in both serotonine and
dopamine in the rat striatum. Some motor symptoms evoked by high pressure (i.e., LMA) are known to be reduced by intrastriatal infusions of D1-like (SCH23390, 1 mu M) or D2-like (Sulpiride, 1 mu M) dopaminergic antagonists. Other studies have also reported that serotoninergic antagonists reduce the motor perturbation at pressure. However, it remains unknown whether the changes in serotoninergic neurotransmission learn more may contribute to the beneficial effects of intrastriatal administration of a dopaminergic antagonist. The present study reports the effects of SCH23390 and sulpiride on serotonin levels in the striatum of rats exposed to 8 MPa of He-O2.\n\nBoth sulpiride and SCH23390 reduced pressure-induced striatal 5-HT increase. Our data suggest that D1-like and D2-like receptors have similar effects on a pressure-evoked striatal 5-HT increase. Thus, reduction in serotoninergic neurotransmission may be one mechanism by which dopaminergic antagonists reduce motor symptoms at pressure.”
“Wogonin is a flavonoid compound extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis and is well known as a benzodiazepine receptor ligand with anxiolytic effects. Many recent studies have demonstrated that wogonin modulates angiogenesis, proliferation, invasion, and tumor progress in various cancer tissues. We further explored the mechanism of action of wogonin on cervical cancer cells that contain or lack human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA.