, 1999). Consequently, several roles have been ascribed to lipid particles including lipid metabolism and AZD6738 clinical trial storage (Athenstaedt et al., 1999). Pneumocystis carinii ERG7 was cloned and expressed in an S. cerevisiae ERG7 mutant
strain by two independent laboratories. While both studies concluded that P. carinii ERG7 complemented the ERG7 null mutant yeast and retained residues of the squalene cyclase domain that are necessary for the catalytic ability of the enzyme, the two studies differ in their conclusions regarding P. carinii Erg7 localization. In one study, localization of P. carinii Erg7 was inconclusive, but the same group speculated that the P. carinii enzyme did not localize to lipid particles in yeast (Milla et al., 2002b). These observations were based largely on the lack of activity of P. carinii Erg7 in isolated lipid particle fractions and the lack of a band corresponding to P. carinii Erg7 in a Coomasie-stained gel containing lipid particle proteins (Milla et al., 2002b). In the second study, we showed that the P. carinii enzyme localizes to lipid particles in yeast using Western blotting and fluorescent microscopy (Joffrion et al., 2010). In addition, using fluorescent microscopy, we identified putative lipid particles in P. carinii, and localization http://www.selleckchem.com/products/SB-431542.html of the
P. carinii enzyme to putative lipid particles in its native organism was demonstrated. The differences between these two studies were likely due to the sensitivities of the techniques used. Our studies utilized a polyclonal P. carinii Erg7 antiserum to detect the presence of the enzyme in yeast lipid particles and putative lipid particles in P. carinii (Joffrion
et al., 2010), while the previous study relied on detection of the protein in a stained polyacrylamide gel (Milla et al., 2002b), which was neither specific nor sensitive. A dual localization has been noted for several proteins within lipid particles and the ER (Natter et al., 2005), and loss of activity was demonstrated upon separation of the ER from lipid particles suggesting a potential interaction between these two cellular compartments (Leber et al., 1998). The observed lack of activity of P. carinii Erg7 in yeast lipid particles (Milla et al., 2002b) may have been due to the separation of these second two compartments, and while it was demonstrated that lanosterol was produced in the ERG7 mutant yeast containing the P. carinii enzyme (Joffrion et al., 2010), it was not determined whether lanosterol was produced predominantly in lipid particle fractions. ERG11 encodes lanosterol C-14 demethylase, a cytochrome P450 enzyme. Inhibition of Erg11 in yeast is lethal unless a second mutation occurs in the gene encoding Erg3 or C-5 sterol desaturase (Taylor et al., 1983). Inhibition of Erg3 is not required for ERG11 mutants of C. albicans (Sanglard et al.