Here we show both
experimentally and theoretically that under certain conditions these phenomena cannot be correctly interpreted once considered separately from the reference electrode current-voltage characteristics. It is shown that small electrodes can be separated into three groups according to the relation between the electrode and the reference electrode areas. Each group is characterized by its own dependence of the collected current on the bias voltage. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3587179]“
“Exploration of subjective experiences during seizures may enhance knowledge of the differing natures of epilepsy and nonepileptic attack disorder (NEAD). We performed a quantitative
evaluation of both the general level of awareness and the specific contents LCL161 concentration of consciousness during seizures using the Ictal Consciousness Inventory (ICI). Ninety-five adult outpatients attending general neuropsychiatry and epilepsy clinics with established diagnoses of either epilepsy (n = 66) or NEAD (n = 29) completed one ICI for each witnessed seizure recalled. Patients with a dubious/dual diagnosis were excluded. ICI Level (ICI-L) and ICI Content (ICI-L) scores were calculated for the 167 questionnaires generated by patients with epilepsy (n = 119, of which 58 from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, 14 frontal lobe epilepsy, and 47 idiopathic 30 generalized epilepsy) and patients with NEAD (n = 48). Mann-Whitney U tests revealed statistically selleck significant higher ICI-L
and ICI-C scores for patients with NEAD (both P = 0.01). Subjective reports of consciousness experiences varied between epilepsy BMS-754807 cell line and NEAD, with patients with NEAD reporting significantly greater levels of general awareness/responsiveness and more vivid subjective experiences during attacks. The ICI is proposed as a potentially useful self-report instrument to supplement clinical and instrumental tests for the differential diagnosis of epilepsy and NEAD. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction: The relationship between ejaculatory frequency and ejaculatory latency time is under-investigated. Subjects and Methods: 120 healthy subjects were enrolled in a prospective randomized trial. Patients in group A engaged in sexual intercourse after a 10-day abstinence period for 3 months. Patients in group B engaged in sexual intercourse twice a week for 3 months. Ejaculation function was evaluated through the measurement of the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and through the premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) at baseline and at the end of the study. Results: At the end of the study, mean IELT values in group A were significantly lower compared to baseline values.