Here we show both

experimentally and theoretically that u

Here we show both

experimentally and theoretically that under certain conditions these phenomena cannot be correctly interpreted once considered separately from the reference electrode current-voltage characteristics. It is shown that small electrodes can be separated into three groups according to the relation between the electrode and the reference electrode areas. Each group is characterized by its own dependence of the collected current on the bias voltage. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3587179]“
“Exploration of subjective experiences during seizures may enhance knowledge of the differing natures of epilepsy and nonepileptic attack disorder (NEAD). We performed a quantitative

evaluation of both the general level of awareness and the specific contents LCL161 concentration of consciousness during seizures using the Ictal Consciousness Inventory (ICI). Ninety-five adult outpatients attending general neuropsychiatry and epilepsy clinics with established diagnoses of either epilepsy (n = 66) or NEAD (n = 29) completed one ICI for each witnessed seizure recalled. Patients with a dubious/dual diagnosis were excluded. ICI Level (ICI-L) and ICI Content (ICI-L) scores were calculated for the 167 questionnaires generated by patients with epilepsy (n = 119, of which 58 from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, 14 frontal lobe epilepsy, and 47 idiopathic 30 generalized epilepsy) and patients with NEAD (n = 48). Mann-Whitney U tests revealed statistically selleck significant higher ICI-L

and ICI-C scores for patients with NEAD (both P = 0.01). Subjective reports of consciousness experiences varied between epilepsy BMS-754807 cell line and NEAD, with patients with NEAD reporting significantly greater levels of general awareness/responsiveness and more vivid subjective experiences during attacks. The ICI is proposed as a potentially useful self-report instrument to supplement clinical and instrumental tests for the differential diagnosis of epilepsy and NEAD. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction: The relationship between ejaculatory frequency and ejaculatory latency time is under-investigated. Subjects and Methods: 120 healthy subjects were enrolled in a prospective randomized trial. Patients in group A engaged in sexual intercourse after a 10-day abstinence period for 3 months. Patients in group B engaged in sexual intercourse twice a week for 3 months. Ejaculation function was evaluated through the measurement of the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and through the premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) at baseline and at the end of the study. Results: At the end of the study, mean IELT values in group A were significantly lower compared to baseline values.

Study design Thirty-three skeletal class III malocclusion (SCIII

Study design. Thirty-three skeletal class III malocclusion (SCIII) patients treated with MSS (bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy) were subdivided according to extent of MSS, vertical skeletal pattern (VP), and vertical-reduction genioplasty. Lateral cephalograms and 3D facial scan images were taken before and 6 months after surgery. Linear and angular variables were measured with Rapidform 2006 (Inus Technology).

Results. After MSS, there Thiazovivin manufacturer were significant increases in the upper lip length and decreases in the lower lip length in the large setback, hypodivergent,

and genioplasty groups. The mentolabial fold deepened less in the genioplasty group than in other groups. Although there was no skeletal advancement of the maxilla, the soft tissue convexity in the paranasal area increased more in the hyperdivergent group than in the hypodivergent group after MSS.

Conclusion. The extent of MSS, VP, and genioplasty could be used as guidelines for 1- and 2-jaw surgeries in SCIII borderline cases. PLX3397 (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010; 109: e20-e32)”
“Methods: Patients in the United States with clinical indications for extraction of CRM devices were consented. Antemortem CRM devices were cleaned and sterilized following a protocol

established at our institution. Surveillance in vitro cultures were performed for quality assurance. The functional status of pulse generators was tested with a pacing system analyzer to confirm at least 70% battery life. Most generators were transported, in person, to an implanting institution in Nicaragua. Recipients with a Class I indication for CRM implantation, and meeting economical criteria set forth, were

consented for implantation of a recycled device.

Results: Between 2003 and 2009, implantation was performed in 17 patients with an average age of 42.1 +/- 20.3 years. Of the 17 patients, nine were male and eight were female. Mean follow-up was 68 +/- 38 months. Device evaluation occurred prior to discharge, 4 weeks post implantation, and every 6 months thereafter. There were three deaths during the follow-up period secondary to myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure. Hematoma formation occurred in one patient. No infections, early battery depletion, or device malfunction were identified during ICG-001 research buy follow-up.

Conclusions: Our case series is the longest follow-up of recipients of recycled antemortem CRM devices. Our findings support the feasibility and safety of this alternative acquisition of life-saving technology. (PACE 2011; 1-6).”
“Direct pulp capping is treatment of an exposed vital pulp with a dental material to facilitate the formation of reparative dentin and maintenance of vital pulp. It has been studied as an alternate way to avoid vital pulp extirpation. However, the success rate of pulp capping is much lower than that of vital pulp extirpation.


1 to 0.3 per month in the year after starting aspirin (n = 26, p = .014). The median number of seizures was significantly reduced from 3 to 1 episodes per month (n = 21, p = .002). Thirty-nine percent of subjects reported a history of complications (predominantly increased bruising or gum/nose bleeding) while on aspirin; however, none reported discontinuing aspirin because of side effects. Our study showed a significant relative reduction in both self-reported seizure frequency and stroke-like

episodes after starting aspirin. It also suggests that low-dose aspirin can be safely used in these patients.”
“GaN films were grown on Si(111) substrates under various beam equivalent pressure (BEP) ratios by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. NVP-BSK805 The optical properties for the grown samples were studied over a wide spectral range from 200 to 3300 nm using the reflectance spectrum only. It was found that increasing the N/Ga BEP ratio from 17.9 to 46.1 increases the refractive index (n) from 2.05 to 2.38 at wavelength 630 nm (for example), while the optical energy gap (E(g)) were found to be in the range between 3.325 to 3.35 eV with no specific trend. The structural properties for the grown films were studied through two types

of rocking curve measurements; normal rocking curve (omega-scan) and triple axis rocking curve (omega/2 theta-scan). It was found that with decreasing the N/Ga ratio from 46.1 to 17.9 the full width at half maximum decreases from 0.62 degrees to 0.58 degrees for omega-scan and from 0.022 degrees to 0.021 degrees for omega/2 theta-scan. Thus, our results showed a clear correlation between the optical-structural parameters and the BEP ratios of N and Ga. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3534001]“
“Purpose: To prospectively determine whether cardiac-gated multidetector computed tomography (CT) allows visualization of aortic valve leaflets after bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement

(AVR), to provide an accurate method for measuring the aortic valve opening, and to provide morphologic and functional information regarding the mechanism underlying poor function of the bioprosthetic valve.

Materials and Methods: The institutional review board approved the study protocol; informed consent was given. Fifty-four patients (27 men; mean age, SB431542 mw 75 years 6 8 [standard deviation]) with bioprosthetic AVR implanted 2 years 6 3 earlier underwent 64-section CT and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Two blinded observers manually planimetered the aortic valve area (AVA) by using a computer workstation on end-systolic short-axis CT images and measured opening angles (OAs) between the bioprosthesis annulus base and the free margin on long-axis images. These measurements were compared with those of the effective orifice area (EOA) of the valve at Doppler continuity-equation TTE by using regression and Bland-Altman methods.

(C) 2011 American Institute of

(C) 2011 American Institute of BI 2536 chemical structure Physics. [doi :10.1063/1.3579443]“
“An 81-year-old woman presented with symptoms of recurrent urinary tract infections, urge incontinence and nocturia. Cystoscopy performed revealed a whitish plaque lesion on the fundus and right lateral wall of the bladder. The histology of the biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of leukoplakia vesicae of the bladder. The plan is to follow her up with repeat

cystoscopy and biopsy in 6 months. The literature search revealed very little information on the pathogenesis and prognosis of this condition due to its rare occurrence. Analysis of the literature signifies the association of chronic irritation due to recurrent urinary tract infections Selisistat in vivo being the commonest cause of leukoplakia vesicae. The recommended long-term follow-up and surveillance based on the literature review is by cystoscopy with or without biopsy.”
“Macroscale thermal models for biological

tissues can be developed either by the mixture theory of continuum mechanics or by the porous-media theory. Characterized by its simplicity, the former applies scaling-down from the global scale. The latter uses scaling-up from the microscale by the volume averaging, thus offers the connection between microscale and macroscale properties and is capable of describing the rich blood-tissue interaction in biological tissues. By using the porous-media approach, a general bioheat transport model is developed with the required closure provided. Both blood and tissue macroscale temperature fields are shown to satisfy the dual-phase-lagging (DPL) energy equations. Thermal waves and possible resonance may appear due to the coupled conduction between blood and tissue. For the DPL bioheat transport, contributions of the initial temperature distribution, the source term and the initial rate of change of temperature are shown to be inter-expressible under linear boundary conditions. This reveals the solution structure and considerably simplifies the development of

solutions of the DPL bioheat equations. Effectiveness and features of the developed solution structure theorems are demonstrated via examining bioheat transport in skin tissue and during magnetic AG-881 hyperthermia. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3580330]“
“BACKGROUND: Neurologic complications (NCs) are the major adverse events after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) surgery. Pre-operative and post-operative factors associated with NCs in patients with LVADs were investigated.

METHODS: We reviewed 307 consecutive patients undergoing LVAD surgery (167 HeartMate I and 140 HeartMate II devices) at Columbia University Medical Center between November 2000 and December 2010. Clinical characteristics and hemodynamic and laboratory indexes were analyzed.

Thus, as a result of obesity, mobility and quality of life are af

Thus, as a result of obesity, mobility and quality of life are affected, and this is in part due to quantitative and qualitative impairments in skeletal muscle. In addition, the insulin resistance related to obesity results not only in defective insulin-stimulated glucose disposal but has also detrimental consequences

on protein metabolism at the skeletal muscle level and whole-body level. This review highlights the involvement Dihydrotestosterone mouse of fat accumulation and insulin resistance in metabolic disorders occurring in skeletal muscle during the development of obesity, and the impairments in the regulation of protein metabolism and protein turnover in the links between obesity, metabolic inflammation and insulin resistance.”
“Early diagnosis of osteoporosis and estimation of subjects that are at high risk for fracture, is neccesary for osteoporosis treatment. Dual-energy X-ray absorptometry

(DXA) is a modern method for bone mineral density (BMD) evaluation. However, along BMD, clinical risk factors may significantly influence fracture development. Therefore, FRAX algorithm was designed for the assessment of a ten-year risk for serious osteoporotic fractures (SOF), as well as hip fractures. In the current study, we tried to evaluate the possible lumbal spine and hip BMD influence on ten year risk for SOF and hip fractures and potential role of FRAX in predicting the therapy in postmenopausal women with osteopenia. We performed the Selonsertib Buparlisib nmr study on 385 postmenopausal women. According to the DXA measurements, at the lumbal (L) spine (L1-L4) and hip (femor neck), patients were then classified as normal, osteopenic, or osteoporotic. BMD evaluation included the L spine and the hip (subgroup 1), and only on the L spine (subgroup 2). By filling up the FRAX questionnaire, a ten-year risk for SOF

fracture and hip fracture was calculated. BMD evaluation, in complete patient’s group and in subgroup 1, resulted in the highest number of osteoporosis (61.04%, 48.08%, retrospectively), while ospeopenia was a main finding in subgroup 2. In the subgroup 1, a high risk for SOF and hip fracture was detected in 16.45% and with high risk for hip fracture in 11.38% subjects. In subgroup 2, only high risk for hip fracture was observed in 3.16% subjects, indicating the active medicament treatment. Simultaneously, correlation of BMD results with FRAX values for SOF and hip fracture, showed significant negative correlation (p < 0.001). Obtained results showed significant role of femur neck BMD evaluation in predicting the future factors, which may, together with FRAX analysis, improve the therapy approach in postmenopausal women with ospeopenia.”
“Factors as age, sex, smoking, duration of leg pain, working status, type/level of disc herniation and psychosocial factors have been demonstrated to be of importance for short-term results after lumbar discectomy. There are few studies with long-term follow-up.

The objective of this study was to characterize psychiatric

The objective of this study was to characterize psychiatric

comorbidities in subjects with fragile X syndrome at different ages. Subjects with fragile X syndrome and their unaffected siblings were recruited and their parents filled out functional-behavioral and psychiatric comorbidities questionnaires. Adolescents with fragile X syndrome showed decreased prevalence of functional-behavioral deficits. Incidence and severity MK-1775 in vivo of most psychiatric comorbidities were lower in older subjects. Incidence of generalized anxiety disorder increased with age in the fragile X syndrome group. The typical profile of patients with fragile X syndrome changes with age. Unaffected siblings exhibit anxiety and motor tics.”
“Joint pains and swellings are routine complaints in rheumatology clinics. Infectious diseases may mimic common rheumatic conditions and thus need to be ruled out before initiating any immunosuppressive treatment. Mycobacterium marinum is an organism that can present with a typical arthritis picture. A 60-year-old gentleman

with a complicated medical history presented with a right wrist swelling which was initially managed as a case of remitting seronegative arthritis. He eventually required tenolysis and the biopsy showed M. marinum. On inquiry, he was found to be an avid fisherman. This report discusses typical diagnostic pitfalls, literature review on the BIX 01294 concentration reported cases and treatment strategies. The most important point is to ask for occupational and hobby history in such cases.”
“The time-of-flight technique has been used to measure the drift velocities for electrons and holes in high-purity single-crystalline CVD diamond. Measurements were made in the temperature interval 83 <= T <= 460 K and for electric fields between 90 and 4 x 10(3) V/cm, applied in the < 100 > crystallographic direction. The study includes low-field drift mobilities and is performed in the low-injection

regime to perturb the LY2874455 applied electric field only minimally. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3554721]“
“The impact of treatment given upon discharge on the “”bounce back”" rate was ascertained in children presenting at the emergency department for treatment of status migrainosus. All children ages 8 to 17 years old presenting to an emergency department in 2008 who were treated for status migrainosus and discharged home were included. Of the total of 187 patients, 21 patients (11.2%) bounced back. Treatment given was not associated with the bounce back rate. The only factors reaching significance were the presence of a migraine equivalent in 28.6% of patients who bounced back as compared with only 6.7% in patients without recurrence (P = .006); brain imaging study in the emergency department (52.4% vs 16.9%, P =.001); and an arranged physician follow-up (66.6% vs 36.3%, P =.01).

One randomized control trial showed improvement after laser compa

One randomized control trial showed improvement after laser compared to no treatment. Two other trials showed no difference between laser, silicone gel, intralesional steroid or 5-fluorouracil. One trial showed that perioperative systemic steroid application gave rise to no improvement but in fact worsened scar formation. We conclude that small keloids can be treated radically MS-275 purchase by surgery with adjuvant therapy (radiation or corticosteroid injections) or by non-surgical therapy (corticosteroid

injections, laser and anti-tumour/immunosuppressive agents, such as 5-fluorouracil). Large and multiple keloids are difficult to treat radically and are currently only treatable by multimodal therapies that aim to selleck compound relieve symptoms. (c) 2011 Published by European Association for

Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.”
“Agonist and antagonist drugs acting on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling are emerging as a new possibility for pharmaceutical study and clinical manipulation of some skin and corneal disorders. EGFR activation appears to be effective in reducing the time of reepithelialization after corneal wound healing, with potential uses in penetrating keratoplasty, refractive surgery, alkali burns, diabetic keratopathy, keratopathy following chemotherapy, cornea transplantation, and dry eye. Most of the studies show therapeutic advantages of human recombinant epidermal growth factor (hrEGF) eye drops without showing adverse effects. In contrast, EGFR inhibition delays

epithelial cell proliferation and stratification during corneal regeneration.The aim of this review is to summarize the most seminal discoveries and recent advances so as to clarify the role of the EGFR system in corneal physiology and pharmacology. Epidermal growth factor eye drops could be a first-choice treatment for promoting regeneration in numerous epithelial defects in the medium to long term.</.”
“To evaluate the recovery rate and spontaneous in vitro maturation (IVM) of immature oocytes enclosed within or released from follicles during the processing of ovarian selleck chemical tissue prior to its cryopreservation.

Thirty-three oncologic patients who had not previously undergone chemo or radiotherapy underwent ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) during natural menstrual cycles. Immature oocytes, enclosed within follicles or released during ovarian cortex processing, were collected and matured spontaneously in vitro for 48 h. Nuclear maturation was assessed every 24 h and the ability of the IVM oocytes to display a normal activation response following parthenogenetic activation was evaluated. The following outcome measures were also evaluated: disease, age, FSH, LH, E2, P4 and AMH serum levels, menstrual cycle day, recovery and spontaneous IVM and parthenogenetic activation rates.

Oocytes recovered per patient were 3.3 +/- 0.7 (1.8-4.7 oocytes, 95CI), regardless of the menstrual phase. The mean number of IVM oocytes per patient was 1.

8 mm or greater) were considered Nonsolid, part-solid, and pleur

8 mm or greater) were considered. Nonsolid, part-solid, and pleural-based nodules were selleck excluded from this study. A descriptive analysis was performed by calculating means and standard deviations

of nodule volumes at three assessment times (at baseline and 3 and 12 months later). The volume measurement repeatability was determined by using the approach described by Bland and Altman.

Results: One hundred one subjects (70 men, 31 women; mean age, 58 years) with 233 eligible nodules (mean volume, 98.3 mm(3); range, 5-869 mm(3)) were identified. The 95% confidence interval for difference in measured volumes was in the range of +/- 27%. About 70% of measurements had a relative difference in nodule volume of less than 10%. No malignant lesions were registered during

the follow-up of these subjects.

Conclusion: Semiautomatic volumetry is sufficiently accurate and repeatable and may be useful in assisting with lung nodule management in a lung cancer screening program. (C) RSNA, 2009″
“Electroabsorption in highly strained GaInAs and GaInNAs quantum wells (QWs) grown on GaInAs or quasi-GaInAs substrates is investigated by using microscopic many-body selleck chemical theory. The effects of various parameters, such as strain, barrier height, substrate composition, and temperature are thoroughly examined. It is shown that the value of the absorption coefficient strongly depends on the depth of the QWs under large bias electric field due to the small overlap integral of wave functions

between the conduction and valence bands. The use of GaInNAs QWs makes the strain in the well layer very small. Further, the effective quantum-well depth is increased in GaInNAs QWs due to the anticrossing interaction between the conduction and N-resonant bands, making it possible to obtain larger absorption coefficient under large bias electric fields without using wide-band gap materials for barriers. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3360937]“
“Purpose: To determine long-term patient satisfaction for percutaneous treatment by using sclerosing agents Selleck Vactosertib (sclerotherapy) and/or arterial embolization for peripherally located vascular malformations (VMs). This treatment has been described as successful; however, there is a relative paucity of published long-term results.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was institutional review board approved; 107 patients treated for symptomatic VM were evaluated. After informed consent was obtained, 66 patients were sent a questionnaire regarding treatment effectiveness and patient satisfaction. Patient files and imaging data were retrieved to obtain information regarding the VMs and VM treatment. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were constructed to analyze clinical success rates over time.

Results: The most frequent reasons for patients to seek treatment were pain (89%, n = 59) and swelling (91%, n = 60). The majority of VMs were the low-flow venous type (83%, n = 55).

Results: Carotid plaques

had significantly increased perc

Results: Carotid plaques

had significantly increased percentage areas of confluent lipid and leukocytic infiltrates. In contrast, areas of fibroconnective tissue were significantly greater in femoral plaques and percentage areas of confluent calcification and collagen were elevated. Carotid artery plaques had greater numbers per plaque area of macrophages and T cells consistent with a more inflammatory this website phenotype. Proportions displaying M1-activation markers were significantly increased in the carotid compared to femoral plaques whereas femoral plaques displayed a greater proportion of M2-macrophages.

Conclusion: Plaques from patients with recently symptomatic carotid disease have a predominance of M1-macrophages and higher lipid content than femoral plaques, consistent with a more unstable plaque. (C) 2012 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights

“Objectives: To elucidate radiopharmaceutical considerations for using technetium Tc-99m albumin aggregated (Tc-99m MAA) in lung transplant patients and to establish an appropriate routine dose and preparation procedure.

Setting: Tertiary care academic hospital during May 2007 to May 2009.

Practice description: Nuclear pharmacist working in nuclear medicine department.

Practice innovation: Radiopharmaceutical considerations deemed important for the use of Tc-99m MAA in lung transplant patients included radioactivity dose, particulate dose, rate of the radiolabeling reaction (preparation time), and final radiochemical purity. Evaluation of our

initial 12-month experience, published literature, and professional practice guidelines provided the basis for establishing an appropriate dose and preparation procedure of Tc-99m MAA for use in lung PF-562271 cost transplant patients.

Main outcome measures: Radiochemical purity at typical incubation times and image quality in subsequent lung transplant patients imaged during the next 12 months.

Results: Based on considerations of radioactivity dose, particulate dose, rate of the radiolabeling reaction (preparation time), and final radiochemical purity, a routine dose consisting of 3 mCi (111 MBq) and 100,000 particles of Tc-99m MAA for planar perfusion lung imaging of adult lung transplant patients was established as reasonable and appropriate. MAA kits were prepared with a more reasonable amount of Tc-99m and yielded high radiochemical purity values in typical incubation times. Images have continued to be of high diagnostic quality.

Conclusion: Tc-99m MAA used for lung transplant imaging can be readily prepared with high radiochemical purity to provide a dose of 3 mCi (111 GBq)/100,000 particles, which provides images of high diagnostic quality.

w) subcutaneously, bilateral injections of moxonidine


w) subcutaneously, bilateral injections of moxonidine

(0.5 nmol) or methysergide (4 mu g) into the LPBN increased 0.3 M NaCl intake (29.8 +/- 5.1 and 19.5 +/- 3.7 ml/2 h, respectively, versus vehicle: 8.3 +/- 1.4 ml/2 h) and water intake (17.9 +/- 3.7 and 23.3 +/- 2.8 ml/2 h, respectively, PF-573228 versus vehicle: 11.5 +/- 1.6 ml/2 h). Lesions of the CeA (5-18 days) abolished the increase in 0.3 M NaCl and water intake produced by bilateral injections of moxonidine (10.3 +/- 2.8 and 6.8 +/- 2.3 ml/2 h, respectively) and reduced the increase produced by methysergide (13.6 +/- 2.5 and 14.5 +/- 3.2 ml/2 h, respectively) into the LPBN. The present results show that the increase in water and 0.3 M NaCl intake produced by serotonergic blockade and alpha(2)-adrenergic activation in the LPBN depends on the integrity of the CeA, suggesting that facilitatory mechanisms present in the CeA are essential for the increase of water and hypertonic NaCl intake produced by the blockade of the inhibitory mechanisms of the LPBN. (C) 2010 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The genome of measles virus (MV) is encapsidated by the nucleocapsid (N) protein and associates with RNA-dependent

RNA polymerase to form the ribonucleoprotein complex. The matrix (M) protein is believed to play an important role in MV assembly by linking the ribonucleoprotein complex with envelope glycoproteins. Analyses using a yeast two-hybrid system and coimmunoprecipitation in mammalian cells revealed that the M protein interacts with the N protein and that two leucine residues at the carboxyl terminus of the N protein (L523 and L524) selleck inhibitor are critical for the interaction. In MV minigenome reporter gene assays, the M protein inhibited viral RNA synthesis only when it was able to interact with the N protein. The N protein colocalized with the M protein at the plasma membrane when the proteins were coexpressed in plasmid-transfected or MV-infected cells. In contrast,

the N protein formed small dots in the perinuclear area when it was expressed without the M protein, or it was incapable of interacting with the M protein. Furthermore, a recombinant MV possessing a mutant N protein incapable see more of interacting with the M protein grew much less efficiently than the parental virus. Since the M protein has an intrinsic ability to associate with the plasma membrane, it may retain the ribonucleoprotein complex at the plasma membrane by binding to the N protein, thereby stopping viral RNA synthesis and promoting viral particle production. Consequently, our results indicate that the M protein regulates MV RNA synthesis and assembly via its interaction with the N protein.”
“A functional connection between theta rhythms, information processing, learning and memory formation is well documented by studies focusing on the impact of theta waves on motor activity, global context or phase coding in spatial learning.