A search of the literature yielded no comprehensive studies of me

A search of the literature yielded no comprehensive studies of medical problems of any single national contingent now serving in Afghanistan. A review of medical reports was made of the Polish Military Contingent in Operation Enduring Freedom from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011. Due to various reasons, 9.1% to 22.8% of all deployed Polish soldiers were unable to continue active duty. Acute respiratory infections and infectious and non-infectious gastrointestinal Selleckchem GSK1120212 disorders are the main causes of temporary inability to serve. An important problem in the

Polish soldiers is also dental health. Predicting the combat capability of Polish forces in Afghanistan and planning of its https://www.selleckchem.com/products/pf-04929113.html medical security requires the inclusion of the seasonality factor.\n\nMaterial/Methods: This study is a review of medical records of the Polish Military Contingent in Afghanistan, covering the period from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011, from records and data maintained by the Armed Forces Operational Command. (changes: IX and X). All cases were soldiers unable to continue active military duty due to health reasons.\n\nResults: The analysis shows that among the soldiers of PKW there occurred varied medical events, which directly or through further complications

were the cause of temporary inability to serve and which sometimes were the ultimate cause of an evacuation to the home country.\n\nConclusions: Acute respiratory infections and infectious and non-infectious gastrointestinal disorders were the main cause of temporary inability to serve.”
“Background: Assessment of peak oxygen

uptake (VO(2)) is recommended in the evaluation of patients with borderline pulmonary function as VO(2) is the strongest independent predictor of postoperative pulmonary complications. However, the measurement Elafibranor of VO(2) requires expensive equipment not available in many medical facilities. The shuttle walking test (SWT) has been proposed to be used as a screening tool prior to performing a cardiopulmonary exercise test. Although an association exists between SWT distance and VO(2), only one small study directly measured VO(2) during the SWT. Objectives: The aim of this study was to further validate the VO(2)-SWT association by directly measuring VO(2) during SWT in a larger cohort of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Fifty stable COPD patients with mild/severe disease were studied. Each patient performed an SWT while wearing a validated portable metabolic monitor. Results: Mean VO(2) (ml/kg/min) measured after each finalized minute of the SWT was (95% confidence interval): 6 (5-7), 9 (8-10), 11 (10-12), 13 (11-14), 15 (14-16), 18 (16-20) and 21 (18-26) for minutes 1-7, respectively. Patients that completed the British Thoracic Society-recommended 25 shuttles (5 min or 250 m) in the SWT had a mean VO(2) of 15 (14-16).

TNBC subtype classifications included the following: basal-like (

TNBC subtype classifications included the following: basal-like (CK5/6-positive and/or EGFR-positive), molecular apocrine (AR-positive and/or GGT-1-positive), claudin-low (claudin 3-, claudin 4-, claudin 7-negative and/or E-cadherin-negative), immune-related (IL-8-negative and stromal STAT1-positive), mixed (features from two or more of the four subtypes), and null (no features from any of the four subtypes). Tissues from basal marker-positive patients showed increased expression levels of tumoral PHGDH selleck products compared with those from basal

marker-negative patients (p = 0.029); lack of stromal SHMT1 expression was significantly correlated with T stage (p = 0.016). Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that a lack of stromal SHMT1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for predicting a shorter disease-free survival period (hazard ratio 4.002, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.077-14.83, p = 0.038); furthermore, a lack of tumoral PHGDH expression was predictive of a shorter overall survival rate (hazard ratio 3.053, 95 % CI 1.002-9.305, p = 0.050). In conclusion, the most abundantly expressed serine/glycine metabolism-related protein in basal-like TNBC tissues was tumoral PHGDH, and expression levels of stromal SHMT1 and tumoral PHGDH were inversely correlated with clinical prognostic factors. selleck kinase inhibitor Also,

this study is the first to assess serine/glycine relationships at the protein level in regards to clinical outcomes.”
“Background: Patellofemoral instability is a well-recognized problem, but there are currently no published patient-reported quality of life outcome measures that are disease specific for the treatment of this population. Purpose: To establish the content validity, initial construct validity, and initial reliability of the Banff Patella Instability Instrument (BPII). Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: The content of the BPII was validated using a modified 3-stage Ebel procedure and analysis of floor and ceiling effects. As a measure of internal consistency, the Cronbach alpha was utilized to assess how reliably the 32 items

of the questionnaire measured a similar construct. Test-retest reliability of the buy LOXO-101 BPII was calculated using an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Construct validity was evaluated on 150 questionnaires completed by patients with a confirmed diagnosis of patellofemoral instability. A one-way between-group analysis of variance was employed to determine if the BPII was able to differentiate between patients presenting at the initial orthopaedic consultation relative to patients presenting at 6 months and 12 months postoperatively. Results: Content validity was clearly established as each item in the BPII achieved a minimum of 83.3% agreement (range, 83.3%-100%) for relevance among the expert panelists. The average agreement was 96.9%; 24 items achieved 100% agreement. There was no evidence of floor or ceiling effects.

hilare The conformationally constrained trans-Pro analog demonst

hilare. The conformationally constrained trans-Pro analog demonstrated statistically significant antidiuretic

click here activity, whereas the cis-Pro analog failed to elicit activity. The results are consistent with the adoption of a trans orientation for the Pro in CAP(2b) neuropeptides during interaction with receptors associated with the antidiuretic process in the stink bug. In addition, the results are further consistent with a theory of ligand-receptor coevolution between the CAP(2b) and pyrokinin/PBAN neuropeptide classes, both members of the ‘-PRXamide’ superfamily. This work further identifies a scaffold with which to design mimetic CAP(2b) analogs as potential leads in the development of environmentally favorable pest management agents capable of disrupting CAP(2b)-regulated diuretic/antidiuretic functions. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: We compared postoperative complications of laparoendoscopic single site and standard laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy using a standardized complication reporting system.\n\nMaterials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of consecutive patients who underwent a total of 663 laparoscopic living donor nephrectomies and 101 laparoendoscopic

single site donor nephrectomies. All data were recorded retrospectively. The 30-day complication rate was compiled and graded using the modified Clavien complication scale. Multivariate binary logistic regression was used to determine independent predictors of complications.\n\nResults: Baseline demographics TH-302 were comparable between the groups. Compared to those with laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy patients who underwent laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomy had a shorter hospital stay and less estimated blood loss but longer operative time (p < 0.05) as well as higher oral but lower intravenous in hospital analgesic requirements (p < 0.05). Mean warm ischemia time was marginally lower in the laparoendoscopic

single site donor nephrectomy group (3.9 vs 4 minutes, p = 0.03). At 30 days there was no difference in the overall complication rate between the laparoscopic living and laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomy groups (7.1% vs 7.9%, p >0.05). There were 8 major complications (grade www.selleckchem.com/products/3-deazaneplanocin-a-dznep.html 3 to 5) in the laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy group but only 1 in the laparoendoscopic single site group. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis revealed that estimated blood loss was a predictor of fewer complications at 30 days.\n\nConclusions: With appropriate patient selection and operative experience laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomy may be a safe procedure associated with postoperative outcomes similar to those of laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy as well as low morbidity. Using a standardized complication system can aid in counseling potential donors in the future.

Material and Methods: The aim of this report is to review the

\n\nMaterial and Methods: The aim of this report is to review the current concepts and treatment of asthmatic children, focusing our attention on the treatment

of children in a Department of Pediatric Emergency.\n\nDiscussion: Frequent respiratory infections, personal or familial allergy, disease severity and young age are important factors leading to hospitalization. However, regular clinical follow-up and use of inhaled corticosteroids, the IgE levels and O(2) saturation may reduce the probability of hospitalization during asthma attacks. The diagnosis of asthma in children is based on recognizing a characteristic pattern of episodic respiratory symptoms and signs, in the absence of an alternative explanation for them. The presence of these factors increases the probability Autophagy Compound Library concentration that a child with respiratory symptoms will have asthma. These factors include

age at presentation; sex; severity and frequency of previous Ganetespib datasheet wheezing episodes; coexistence of atopic disease; family history of atopy; and abnormal lung function.\n\nConclusion: Asthma is a chronic condition that often remains uncontrolled for reasons that may be related to the disease process itself, the management decisions of clinicians, the patient’s perceptions of disease control or self-management behaviors, the cost of medications, or a combination of all of these factors. To this end, patients with asthma should be educated not to accept a certain level of symptoms or activity limitations as an inevitable consequence of asthma. Both the levels of current impairment and the future risks (of asthma exacerbations or adverse medication effects) should be used to inform decisions about appropriate levels of asthma therapy, and physicians should be aware of the new medication recommendations.”
“Objectives: Various definitions for distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS), meconium ileus equivalent, and constipation in patients with Cystic fibrosis (CF) are used. However, an unequivocal definition for DIOS, meconium

ileus equivalent, and constipation is preferred. The aims of this study were, therefore, to seek Selleck MGCD0103 consensus on the definitions for DIOS and Constipation in patients with CF and to determine the incidence, characteristics, and treatment of DIOS in a cohort of paediatric patients with CF.\n\nMethods: During the 2005 European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology. Hepatology, and Nutrition meeting in Porto a group of paediatric gastroenterologists discussed the definition of DIOS and constipation in CF. Subsequently, all patients younger than or equal to IS years with complete DIOS according to the definition agreed upon and diagnosed during the years 2001 to 2005 in 8 CF centres were studied.\n\nResults: Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome was defined as an acute complete or incomplete faecal obstruction in the ileocaecum, whereas constipation was defined as gradual faecal impaction of the total colon.

Finally, the number of GQEs on Day 2 was used as a surrogate outc

Finally, the number of GQEs on Day 2 was used as a surrogate outcome for live birth. WIDER BI-D1870 manufacturer IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: The results are consistent with other, smaller randomized trials showing no difference in embryo quality when comparing

culture in a conventional incubator with that of a closed TLI incubator system.”
“Increasing evidence argues that the success of an anticancer treatment may rely on immunoadjuvant side effects including the induction of immunogenic tumor cell death. Based on the assumption that this death mechanism is a similar prerequisite for the efficacy of an active immunotherapy using killed tumor cells, we examined a vaccination strategy using dendritic cells (DC) loaded with apoptotic and necrotic cell bodies derived from autologous tumors. Using this approach, clinical and immunologic responses were achieved in 6 of 18 patients with relapsed indolent non-Hodgkin’s

lymphoma (NHL). The present report illustrates an impaired ability of the neoplastic cells Vadimezan used to vaccinate nonresponders to undergo immunogenic death on exposure to a cell death protocol based on heat shock, gamma-ray, and UVC ray. Interestingly, when compared with doxorubicin, this treatment increased surface translocation of calreticulin and cellular release of high-mobility group box 1 and ATP in histologically distinct NHL cell lines. In contrast, treated lymphoma cells from responders displayed higher amounts of calreticulin and heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) compared with those from nonresponders and boosted the production of specific antibodies when loaded into DCs for vaccination. Accordingly, the extent of calreticulin and HSP90 surface expression in the DC antigenic cargo was significantly associated with the clinical and immunologic responses click here achieved. Our results indicate that a positive clinical effect is obtained

when immunogenically killed autologous neoplastic cells are used for the generation of a DC-based vaccine. Therapeutic improvements may thus be accomplished by circumventing the tumor-impaired ability to undergo immunogenic death and prime the antitumor immune response. Cancer Res; 70(22); 9062-72. (C) 2010″
“The disappointments of a series of large anti-amyloid trials have brought home the point that until the driving force behind Alzheimer’s disease, and the way it causes harm, are firmly established and accepted, researchers will remain ill-equipped to find a way to treat patients successfully. The origin of inflammation in neurodegenerative diseases is still an open question. We champion and expand the argument that a shift in intracellular location of et-synuclein, thereby moving a key methylation enzyme from the nucleus, provides global hypomethylation of patients’ cerebral DNA that, through being sensed by TLR9, initiates production of the cytokines that drive these cerebral inflammatory states.

We found that

We found that SBE-β-CD supplier CPC exosomes secreted in response to hypoxia enhanced tube formation of endothelial cells and decreased profibrotic gene expression in TGF-beta-stimulated fibroblasts, indicating that these exosomes possess therapeutic potential. Microarray analysis of exosomes secreted by hypoxic CPCs identified 11 miRNAs that were upregulated compared with exosomes secreted by CPCs grown under normoxic conditions. Principle component analysis was performed to identify miRNAs that were coregulated

in response to distinct exosome-generating conditions. To investigate the cue-signal-response relationships of these miRNA clusters with a physiological outcome of tube formation or fibrotic gene expression, partial least squares regression analysis was applied. The importance of each up-or downregulated miRNA on physiological outcomes was determined. Finally, to validate the model, we delivered exosomes after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Exosomes from hypoxic CPCs improved cardiac function and reduced fibrosis. Conclusions: These data provide a foundation for subsequent research of the use of exosomal miRNA and systems biology as therapeutic strategies for the damaged heart.”
“Quantification of oligosaccharides is of great importance to investigate variations or changes in the glycans of glycoconjugates. Mass spectrometry (MS)

has been widely applied to identification SNX-5422 and structural analysis DZNeP inhibitor of complex oligosaccharides. However, quantification using MS alone is still quite challenging due to heterogeneous charge states and different ionization efficiency of various types of oligosaccharides. To overcome such shortcomings, derivatization with carboxymethyl trimethylammonium hydrazide (Girard’s reagent T [GT]) was introduced to generate a permanent cationic charge at the reducing

end of neutral oligosaccharides, resulting in mainly [M](+) ion using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), so that the ambiguities caused by metal adduct peaks such as [M+K](+) and [M + Na](+) were avoided. To verify our method, the relative and absolute quantification of neutral glycans from human immunoglobulin G (IgG) and ovalbumin with internal standards of dextran ladders using MALDI-TOF MS were compared with those performed by conventional normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (NP-HPLC) profiling. The quantification using GT derivatization and MALDI-TOF MS agreed well with the HPLC profiling data and showed excellent reliability and reproducibility with better resolution and sensitivity. This method was further applied to quantify the enzymatically clesialylated N-glycans from miniature pig kidney membrane proteins. The results showed that the low-abundance structures that could not be resolved by NP-HPLC were quantified with high sensitivity.

01) Monospecific assays of the NGAL monomer demonstrated a corre

01). Monospecific assays of the NGAL monomer demonstrated a correlation Selleckchem P5091 with histology that typifies progressive, severe CKD.”
“This paper describes the establishment of an immunoaffinity chromatography (IAC) for selective extraction of fenvalerate from vegetable samples. The IAC column was constructed by covalently coupling monoclonal antibody

(mAb) against fenvalerate to CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B and packed into a cartridge. The extraction conditions were carefully optimized, including loading, washing and eluting solutions. Under the optimal conditions, the IAC column was able to capture fenvalerate with the maximum capacity of 4000 ng. An average recovery of 94.5% and a RSD of 8.8% were obtained with six IAC columns prepared on six different days. Three vegetable samples spiked with fenvalerate at four different concentrations were extracted with IAC column and determined by gas chromatography with electron capture detection selleck products (GC-ECD). Chromatograms of final extracts were clean and fenvalerate could be easily detected without the interferences. The extraction recoveries and RSD were 74.7-96.5% and 2.5-5.2%, respectively, and the calculated limit of detection of the whole method was 0.008-0.012 ngg(-1). (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“We evaluated

the benefit of using combined genetic risk score (GRS) of known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) in the prediction of weight loss and weight regain after obesity surgery.\n\nA total of 163 consecutive morbidly obese individuals undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in a single bariatric center in

Finland were recruited. Fasting blood samples were drawn after 12 h of fasting before and 1 year after bariatric operation. Data for weight regain and medication were collected with a questionnaire after 3.1 +/- 2.7 years (mean +/- SD) follow-up. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) was diagnosed with liver histology. Twenty BMI- and 13 WHR-related SNPs were genotyped. Linear regression was used to identify factors Angiogenesis inhibitor predicting weight loss and weight regain.\n\nLower baseline BMI predicted greater decline in BMI (p = 0.0005) and excess weight loss (EWL) (p = 0.009). In the multiple linear regression analysis age and BMI, explained the variance of EWL during the first year while GRS, sex, fasting plasma glucose, serum insulin and NASH diagnosis did not have any effect. None of the baseline clinical variables explained BMI regain. The combined GRS did not associate with weight or BMI at baseline, with 1-year changes or with weight regain between 1 year and an average of 3.1 years follow-up.\n\nIn our study, we found that the genotype risk score does not predict weight loss after obesity surgery while lower baseline BMI predicted the greater weight loss.”
“Introduction. Immobilization of patients utilizing rigid spine boards (RSBs) is standard practice in the management of trauma patients.

“Introduction: The objective was to describe the range of

“Introduction: The objective was to describe the range of normal volumes for the lacrimal gland calculated from CT.\n\nMethods: A retrospective review with institutional review board approval of 293 CT scans of 586 orbits was performed. Patients were included if they were Caucasian and aged 18 years or older. Orbits were excluded if there was a disease or trauma. OsiriX software was used to outline the lacrimal gland in consecutive axial slices and to calculate the volume. Inter-rater agreement was assessed in a subset of 30 randomly selected orbits by observers selleck chemical of different levels of training using

the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).\n\nResults: Two hundred sixty orbits of 187 patients were included. The mean volume of the lacrimal gland was 0.696 cm(3) in right orbits (SD = 0.261) and 0.649 cm(3) in left orbits (SD = 0.231), with no significant difference between right and left (p = 0.125). The mean volume was 0.680 cm(3) in men (SD = 0.241) and 0.662 cm(3) in women (SD = 0.260), with no significant difference between men learn more and women (p

= 0.564). There was an inverse relationship between gland volume and age (Pearson r = -0.428 right orbits and -0.469 left orbits). Of the 73 bilateral patients, right and left orbits correlated well (Pearson r = 0.712). Agreement was good among the observers (ICC = 0.727).\n\nConclusions: This is the first study to report the range of normal volume for Caucasian lacrimal glands measured on CT scans. The volume of the lacrimal gland decreases with age, and there is no gender or laterality difference.”
“High efficiency organic solar cells (OSCs) require conjugated polymers with a low band gap, broad absorption in visible and IR region, high carrier mobility, and relatively high molecular weight as p-type donor materials. Flexible side chains on the rigid polymer backbone are crucial for the solubility of conjugated PCI-34051 molecular weight polymers. In this work, four polymers with the main chain structure of fluorene-thiophene-benzothiadiazole-thiophene and flexible side chains located on fluorene, thiophene, and benzothiadiazole

moiety, respectively, have been synthesized by Suzuki-Miyaura-Schluter polycondensation. Photovoltaic device measurements with a device configuration of ITO/polymer:PC(71)BM blends/LiF/Al show that P1 carrying octyloxy chains on benzothiadiazole rings gives the best performance, with a power conversion efficiency of 3.1%. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This manuscript addresses some of the factors that affect the severity of the inflammatory response after breeding. At the time of breeding or insemination the uterus is exposed to seminal components, bacteria and debris. This results in an inflammatory response characterized by the influx of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) into the uterine lumen.

Subsequently, the patient underwent orbital exenteration Histolo

Subsequently, the patient underwent orbital exenteration. Histologically, the conjunctival tissues had been replaced with

invasive tumor cells. A number of tumor cells demonstrated squamous differentiation with a keratinizing tendency, while other tumor cells exhibited mucin-producing activity with glandular formation. The conjunctival tumor was diagnosed as an ASC. At the time of writing, the JNK-IN-8 chemical structure patient is well without local recurrence or distant metastases. ASC typically exhibits aggressive biological behavior, and is associated with worse prognosis than conventional adenocarcinoma. Therefore, complete surgical excision is considered a key treatment for ASC of the conjunctiva.”
“This study aimed to assess the morphological changes in neonate vitrified testicular grafts after host treatment with melatonin. Neonate vitrified testes, candidates for transplantation to treated and nontreated groups receiving melatonin, buy Staurosporine were thawed in media containing or not containing 100 mu m melatonin. Following transplantation, melatonin (20mgkg(-1) per day) and saline were given to the treated and nontreated groups for up to 9weeks. The testicular status was assayed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP)-biotin nick-end labelling

TUNEL, semi-thin section and ultra-structure studies. Chi-squared test was used to compare categorical variables between the groups. Overall, the degenerative and apoptosis changes in the vitrified testis parenchyma were not significant. However, atrophic seminiferous cords and jumbled appearance of the interstitial space were more often observed in the nontreated group than in the treated ones. Semi-thin Temsirolimus sections showed that the germinal epithelium was taken in a normal arrangement on the testicular

grafts of both groups. Nevertheless, ultrastructural analysis revealed that the characteristics of interstitial space cells, basement membrane BM and epithelial cells of seminiferous tubules in the treated group were better than those in the nontreated group. The study revealed a beneficial effect of melatonin on vitrified neonatal testes and after that, on restoring testicular grafts.”
“Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary gland origin (MASC) is a recently described tumor resembling secretory carcinoma of the breast characterized by strong S-100 protein, mammaglobin, and vimentin immunoexpression and which harbors a t(12; 15) (p13; q25) translocation resulting in ETV6-NTRK3 fusion product. Histologically, conventional MASC displays bland histomorphology and a lobulated growth pattern and is often composed of microcystic, tubular, and solid structures with abundant eosinophilic homogenous or bubbly secretions. Colloid-like secretory material stains positively for periodic acid-Schiff with and without diastase as well as for Alcian Blue.

Phenolics content of the untreated

cubes was 21 16 mg GAE

Phenolics content of the untreated

cubes was 21.16 mg GAE/100 g on day-0, whereas treated samples had higher contents – 70.82, 40.58, and 25.98 mg GAE/100 g in AA-CA-Ca, SAS, and IR-5 samples, respectively. Similarly, antioxidant activities (ABTS, DPPH, FRAP, ORAC) generally increased with all treatments, this effect was more pronounced with AA-CA-Ca. Total phenolics and antioxidant activities were stable during 12-day storage at 4 degrees C. Cubes treated with AA-CA-Ca showed consistently better color and firmness than the control and other two treatments. Storage time and treatments showed a mixed trend on pH, soluble solids, acidity, and sugar-acid ratio. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. https://www.selleckchem.com/products/pf-04929113.html All rights reserved.”
“As an infrared Raman probe, the molecule 3,3′-diethylthiatricarbocyanine iodide (DTTC) has received Selleck CP 868596 much

attention in the past decades due to its potential applications in Raman imaging, single-cell detection, cancer diagnosis, and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). In this work, ordinary Raman, SERS, and theoretical Raman spectra were investigated to estimate the DTTC suspension. More specifically, the original gold nanospheres (60 nm diameter) and gold nanorods were encoded with DTTC and stabilized with a layer of thiol-polyethylene glycol as Raman reporter; SERS data were also obtained from the samples. Hartree-Fock theory and density functional theory (DFT) calculation were applied to calculate the optimized Raman spectra of DTTC in water on the B3LYP/6-31G level. Subsequently, the obtained experimental spectra from DTTC were carefully compared with the theoretically calculated spectra, and good agreement was obtained between the theoretical and experimental results. The bands between 500 and 3100 cm(-1) in the ordinary Raman and SERS spectra were assigned as well. This work will facilitate the development of ultrasensitive GW786034 SERS probes for advanced biomedical imaging applications. Copyright (C) 2011 John Wiley & Sons,”
“The goals of this cross-sectional study were to (a) describe the prevalence

of 5 basic social needs in a cohort of parents attending an urban teaching hospital-based pediatric clinic, (b) assess parental attitudes toward seeking assistance from their child’s provider, and (c) examine resident providers’ attitudes and behaviors toward addressing these needs. Parents (n = 100) reported a median of 2 basic needs at the pediatric visit. The most common was employment (52%), followed by education (34%), child care 19%), food (16%), and h(;using (10%). Most parents (67%) had positive attitudes toward requesting assistance from their child’s pediatrician. The majority of resident providers (91%) believed in the importance of addressing social needs; however, few reported routinely screening for these needs (range, 11% to 18%). There is great potential for assisting low-income parents within the medical home.