There was merely a slightly higher prevalence in those persons who reported moderate,
but frequent alcohol consumption (2–3 times a week) compared with those who did not consume any alcohol. The prevalence, however, was not increased in those persons with a greater drinking frequency of four times per week and more. Thus, this result should not be overemphasized. These results Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical correspond to earlier reported lower associations of substance use disorders and environmental specific phobias compared with other specific phobias (Becker et al. 2007; LeBeau et al. 2010). The statistically low significant relationship of subclinical specific phobias and the subsequent onset of alcohol abuse or dependence which MacDonald et al. (2011) described seems contradictory; however, they do not specify
the subtypes of specific phobias in their study. Our failure to find an association of alcohol consumption Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and visual height intolerance similar to that of alcohol dependence and social anxiety may be due to the fact that height is a peristatic factor that can be easily avoided. Therefore, alcohol is probably not used as a self-medication to Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical cope with expected fearful situations like individuals with anxiety disorders in the general population report (Kushner et al. 2000; Buckner and Matthews 2012) or as especially persons with social anxiety use it to lessen anxiety associated with anticipated specific social situations (Thyer and Curtis 1984; Robinson et al. 2009; Buckner and Matthews 2012). This negative association has consequences for the therapeutic management of persons with visual height intolerance. Therapeutic
attention Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical cannot be primarily directed to drinking patterns in contrast to social anxiety disorders (Morris et al. 2005). Treatment strategies should address behavioral aspects of visual height intolerance, for example, habituation by exposition, and improvement of balance control by gaze Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and locomotion strategies (Brandt et al. 1980). One should also consider that all participants of a see more qualitative study on visual height intolerance repeatedly reported safety (e.g., anticipatory and actual those individual control of visual height stimuli) to be of great importance (Schäffler et al. 2013). These participants referred not only to a general idea of feeling safe but also to the relevance of balance aids such as balustrades, handrails, being on a rope, the quality of hiking shoes, and the importance of having prior experience with a trail. Limitation The major limitation in all studies of this kind is the “self-report of alcohol use”. Although research indicates that this method can deliver a valid index (Kenny and Grant 2007), there can also be some bias, because persons who drink in order to attenuate their symptoms might not be eager to acknowledge this and might underreport their consumption.